|Name:||potassium channel, subfamily K, member 5|
|PubMed (9812978):|| Reyes R, Duprat F, Lesage F, Fink M, Salinas M, Farman N, Lazdunski M. Cloning and expression of a novel pH-sensitive two pore domain K+ channel fromhuman kidney.J Biol Chem. 1998 Nov 20;273(47):30863-9. PMID: 9812978 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]|
A complementary DNA encoding a novel K+ channel, called TASK-2, was isolated from human kidney and its gene was mapped to chromosome 6p21. TASK-2 has a low sequence similarity to other two pore domain K+ channels, such as TWIK-1, TREK-1, TASK-1, and TRAAK (18-22% of amino acid identity), but a similar topology consisting of four potential membrane-spanning domains. In transfected cells, TASK-2 produces noninactivating, outwardly rectifying K+ currents with activation potential thresholds that closely follow the K+ equilibrium potential. As for the related TASK-1 and TRAAK channels, the outward rectification is lost at high external K+ concentration. The conductance of TASK-2 was estimated to be 14.5 picosiemens in physiological conditions and 59.9 picosiemens in symmetrical conditions with 155 mM K+. TASK-2 currents are blocked by quinine (IC50 = 22 microM) and quinidine (65% of inhibition at 100 microM) but not by the other classical K+ channel blockers tetraethylammonium, 4-aminopyridine, and Cs+. They are only slightly sensitive to Ba2+, with less than 17% of inhibition at 1 mM. As TASK-1, TASK-2 is highly sensitive to external pH in the physiological range. 10% of the maximum current was recorded at pH 6. 5 and 90% at pH 8.8. Unlike all other cloned channels with two pore-forming domains, TASK-2 is essentially absent in the brain. In human and mouse, TASK-2 is mainly expressed in the kidney, where in situ hybridization shows that it is localized in cortical distal tubules and collecting ducts. This localization, as well as its functional properties, suggest that TASK-2 could play an important role in renal K+ transport.
>sp|O95279|CIW5_HUMAN Potassium channel subfamily K member 5 (Acid-sensitive potassium channel protein TASK-2) (TWIK-related acid-sensitive K+ channel 2) - Homo sapiens (Human). MVDRGPLLTSAIIFYLAIGAAIFEVLEEPHWKEAKKNYYTQKLHLLKEFPCLGQEGLDKILEVVSDAAGQGVAITGNQTF NNWNWPNAMIFAATVITTIGYGNVAPKTPAGRLFCVFYGLFGVPLCLTWISALGKFFGGRAKRLGQFLTKRGVSLRKAQI TCTVIFIVWGVLVHLVIPPFVFMVTEGWNYIEGLYYSFITISTIGFGDFVAGVNPSANYHALYRYFVELWIYLGLAWLSL FVNWKVSMFVEVHKAIKKRRRRRKESFESSPHSRKALQVKGSTASKDVNIFSFLSKKEETYNDLIKQIGKKAMKTSGGGE TGPGPGLGPQGGGLPALPPSLVPLVVYSKNRVPTLEEVSQTLRSKGHVSRSPDEEAVARAPEDSSPAPEVFMNQLDRISE ECEPWDAQDYHPLIFQDASITFVNTEAGLSDEETSKSSLEDNLAGEESPQQGAEAKAPLNMGEFPSSSESTFTSTESELS VPYEQLMNEYNKANSPKGT