|Name:||solute carrier family 13 (sodium-dependent dicarboxylate transporter), member 3|
|PubMed (10794676):|| Wang H, Fei YJ, Kekuda R, Yang-Feng TL, Devoe LD, Leibach FH, Prasad PD,Ganapathy V. Structure, function, and genomic organization of human Na(+)-dependenthigh-affinity dicarboxylate transporter.Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2000 May;278(5):C1019-30. PMID: 10794676 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]|
We have cloned and functionally characterized the human Na(+)-dependent high-affinity dicarboxylate transporter (hNaDC3) from placenta. The hNaDC3 cDNA codes for a protein of 602 amino acids with 12 transmembrane domains. When expressed in mammalian cells, the cloned transporter mediates the transport of succinate in the presence of Na(+) [concentration of substrate necessary for half-maximal transport (K(t)) for succinate = 20+/-1 microM]. Dimethylsuccinate also interacts with hNaDC3. The Na(+)-to-succinate stoichiometry is 3:1 and concentration of Na(+) necessary for half-maximal transport (K(Na(+))(0.5)) is 49+/-1 mM as determined by uptake studies with radiolabeled succinate. When expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes, hNaDC3 induces Na(+)-dependent inward currents in the presence of succinate and dimethylsuccinate. At a membrane potential of -50 mV, K(Suc)(0.5) is 102+/-20 microM and K(Na(+))(0.5) is 22+/-4 mM as determined by the electrophysiological approach. Simultaneous measurements of succinate-evoked charge transfer and radiolabeled succinate uptake in hNaDC3-expressing oocytes indicate a charge-to-succinate ratio of 1:1 for the transport process, suggesting a Na(+)-to-succinate stoichiometry of 3:1. pH titration of citrate-induced currents shows that hNaDC3 accepts preferentially the divalent anionic form of citrate as a substrate. Li(+) inhibits succinate-induced currents in the presence of Na(+). Functional analysis of rat-human and human-rat NaDC3 chimeric transporters indicates that the catalytic domain of the transporter lies in the carboxy-terminal half of the protein. The human NaDC3 gene is located on chromosome 20q12-13.1, as evidenced by fluorescent in situ hybridization. The gene is >80 kbp long and consists of 13 exons and 12 introns.
|PubMed (10992006):|| Huang W, Wang H, Kekuda R, Fei YJ, Friedrich A, Wang J, Conway SJ, CameronRS, Leibach FH, Ganapathy V. Transport of N-acetylaspartate by the Na(+)-dependent high-affinitydicarboxylate transporter NaDC3 and its relevance to the expression of thetransporter in the brain.J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2000 Oct;295(1):392-403. PMID: 10992006 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]|
N-Acetylaspartate is a highly specific marker for neurons and is present at high concentrations in the central nervous system. It is not present at detectable levels anywhere else in the body other than brain. Glial cells express a high-affinity transporter for N-acetylaspartate, but the molecular identity of the transporter has not been established. The transport of N-acetylaspartate into glial cells is obligatory for its intracellular hydrolysis, a process intimately involved in myelination. N-Acetylaspartate is a dicarboxylate structurally related to succinate. We investigated in the present study the ability of NaDC3, a Na(+)-coupled high-affinity dicarboxylate transporter, to transport N-acetylaspartate. The cloned rat and human NaDC3s were found to transport N-acetylaspartate in a Na(+)-coupled manner in two different heterologous expression systems. The Michaelis-Menten constant for N-acetylaspartate was approximately 60 microM for rat NaDC3 and approximately 250 microM for human NaDC3. The transport process was electrogenic and the Na(+):N-acetylaspartate stoichiometry was 3:1. The functional expression of NaDC3 in the brain was demonstrated by in situ hybridization and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction as well as by isolation of a full-length functional NaDC3 from a rat brain cDNA library. In addition, the expression of a Na(+)-coupled high-affinity dicarboxylate transporter and the interaction of the transporter with N-acetylaspartate were demonstrable in rat primary astrocyte cultures. These studies establish NaDC3 as the transporter responsible for the Na(+)-coupled transport of N-acetylaspartate in the brain. This transporter is likely to be an essential component in the metabolic role of N-acetylaspartate in the process of myelination.
>sp|Q8WWT9|S13A3_HUMAN Solute carrier family 13 member 3 OS=Homo sapiens GN=SLC13A3 PE=1 SV=1 MAALAAAAKKVWSARRLLVLLFTPLALLPVVFALPPKEGRCLFVILLMAVYWCTEALPLSVTALLPIVLFPFMGILPSNK VCPQYFLDTNFLFLSGLIMASAIEEWNLHRRIALKILMLVGVQPARLILGMMVTTSFLSMWLSNTASTAMMLPIANAILK SLFGQKEVRKDPSQESEENTAAVRRNGLHTVPTEMQFLASTEAKDHPGETEVPLDLPADSRKEDEYRRNIWKGFLISIPY SASIGGTATLTGTAPNLILLGQLKSFFPQCDVVNFGSWFIFAFPLMLLFLLAGWLWISFLYGGLSFRGWRKNKSEIRTNA EDRARAVIREEYQNLGPIKFAEQAVFILFCMFAILLFTRDPKFIPGWASLFNPGFLSDAVTGVAIVTILFFFPSQRPSLK WWFDFKAPNTETEPLLTWKKAQETVPWNIILLLGGGFAMAKGCEESGLSVWIGGQLHPLENVPPALAVLLITVVIAFFTE FASNTATIIIFLPVLAELAIRLRVHPLYLMIPGTVGCSFAFMLPVSTPPNSIAFASGHLLVKDMVRTGLLMNLMGVLLLS LAMNTWAQTIFQLGTFPDWADMYSVNVTALPPTLANDTFRTL