TCDB is operated by the Saier Lab Bioinformatics Group
TRANSPORTERS FROM HUMANS:
Transporter Information:
Name: solute carrier family 16 (monocarboxylic acid transporters), member 1
Symbol: SLC16A1
TC: 2.A.1.13.1
Locations: 1p13.2-p12
Aliases: MCT
Swiss-Prot: P53985
Accession Number: NM_003051
GDBGDB:373211
LocusLink6566
OMIM600682
PubMed (8124722): Garcia CK, Goldstein JL, Pathak RK, Anderson RG, Brown MS. Molecular characterization of a membrane transporter for lactate, pyruvate, andother monocarboxylates: implications for the Cori cycle.Cell. 1994 Mar 11;76(5):865-73. PMID: 8124722 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Lactate and pyruvate cross cell membranes via a monocarboxylate transporter (MCT) with well-defined properties but undefined molecular structure. We report the cloning of a cDNA encoding MCT1, a monocarboxylate transporter whose properties resemble those of the erythrocyte MCT, including proton symport, trans acceleration, and sensitivity to alpha-cyanocinnammates. A Phe to Cys substitution in MCT1 converts it to Mev, a mevalonate transporter. MCT1 is abundant in erythrocytes, cardiac muscle, and basolateral intestinal epithelium. In skeletal muscle it is restricted to mitochondria-rich myocytes. As sperm traverse the epididymis, MCT1 switches from sperm to epithelial cells. MCT1 is present at low levels in liver, suggesting another MCT in this tissue. By exporting lactate from intestine and erythrocytes, MCT1 participates in the Cori cycle. It also participates in novel pathways of monocarboxylate metabolism in muscle and sperm.

>sp|P53985|MOT1_HUMAN Monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT 1) - Homo sapiens (Human).
MPPAVGGPVGYTPPDGGWGWAVVIGAFISIGFSYAFPKSITVFFKEIEGIFHATTSEVSWISSIMLAVMYGGGPISSILV
NKYGSRIVMIVGGCLSGCGLIAASFCNTVQQLYVCIGVIGGLGLAFNLNPALTMIGKYFYKRRPLANGLAMAGSPVFLCT
LAPLNQVFFGIFGWRGSFLILGGLLLNCCVAGALMRPIGPKPTKAGKDKSKASLEKAGKSGVKKDLHDANTDLIGRHPKQ
EKRSVFQTINQFLDLTLFTHRGFLLYLSGNVIMFFGLFAPLVFLSSYGKSQHYSSEKSAFLLSILAFVDMVARPSMGLVA
NTKPIRPRIQYFFAASVVANGVCHMLAPLSTTYVGFCVYAGFFGFAFGWLSSVLFETLMDLVGPQRFSSAVGLVTIVECC
PVLLGPPLLGRLNDMYGDYKYTYWACGVVLIISGIYLFIGMGINYRLLAKEQKANEQKKESKEEETSIDVAGKPNEVTKA
AESPDQKDTEGGPKEEESPV