|Name:||solute carrier family 2 (facilitated glucose transporter), member 12|
|PubMed (11780753):|| Joost HG, Thorens B. The extended GLUT-family of sugar/polyol transport facilitators: nomenclature,sequence characteristics, and potential function of its novel members (review).Mol Membr Biol. 2001 Oct-Dec;18(4):247-56. Review. PMID: 11780753 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]|
During the last 2 years, several novel genes that encode glucose transporter-like proteins have been identified and characterized. Because of their sequence similarity with GLUT1, these genes appear to belong to the family of solute carriers 2A (SLC2A, protein symbol GLUT). Sequence comparisons of all 13 family members allow the definition of characteristic sugar/polyol transporter signatures: (1) the presence of 12 membrane-spanning helices, (2) seven conserved glycine residues in the helices, (3) several basic and acidic residues at the intracellular surface of the proteins, (4) two conserved tryptophan residues, and (5) two conserved tyrosine residues. On the basis of sequence similarities and characteristic elements, the extended GLUT family can be divided into three subfamilies, namely class I (the previously known glucose transporters GLUT1-4), class II (the previously known fructose transporter GLUT5, the GLUT7, GLUT9 and GLUT11), and class III (GLUT6, 8, 10, 12, and the myo-inositol transporter HMIT1). Functional characteristics have been reported for some of the novel GLUTs. Like GLUT1-4, they exhibit a tissue/cell-specific expression (GLUT6, leukocytes, brain; GLUT8, testis, blastocysts, brain, muscle, adipocytes; GLUT9, liver, kidney; GLUT10, liver, pancreas; GLUT11, heart, skeletal muscle). GLUT6 and GLUT8 appear to be regulated by sub-cellular redistribution, because they are targeted to intra-cellular compartments by dileucine motifs in a dynamin dependent manner. Sugar transport has been reported for GLUT6, 8, and 11; HMIT1 has been shown to be a H+/myo-inositol co-transporter. Thus, the members of the extended GLUT family exhibit a surprisingly diverse substrate specificity, and the definition of sequence elements determining this substrate specificity will require a full functional characterization of all members.
|PubMed (11832379):|| Rogers S, Macheda ML, Docherty SE, Carty MD, Henderson MA, Soeller WC, GibbsEM, James DE, Best JD. Identification of a novel glucose transporter-like protein-GLUT-12.Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2002 Mar;282(3):E733-8. PMID: 11832379 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]|
Facilitative glucose transporters exhibit variable hexose affinity and tissue-specific expression. These characteristics contribute to specialized metabolic properties of cells. Here we describe the characterization of a novel glucose transporter-like molecule, GLUT-12. GLUT-12 was identified in MCF-7 breast cancer cells by homology to the insulin-regulatable glucose transporter GLUT-4. The GLUT-12 cDNA encodes 617 amino acids, which possess features essential for sugar transport. Di-leucine motifs are present in NH(2) and COOH termini at positions similar to the GLUT-4 FQQI and LL targeting motifs. GLUT-12 exhibits 29% amino acid identity with GLUT-4 and 40% to the recently described GLUT-10. Like GLUT-10, a large extracellular domain is predicted between transmembrane domains 9 and 10. Genomic organization of GLUT-12 is highly conserved with GLUT-10 but distinct from GLUTs 1-5. Immunofluorescence showed that, in the absence of insulin, GLUT-12 is localized to the perinuclear region in MCF-7 cells. Immunoblotting demonstrated GLUT-12 expression in skeletal muscle, adipose tissue, and small intestine. Thus GLUT-12 is potentially part of a second insulin-responsive glucose transport system.
>sp|Q8TD20|GTR12_HUMAN Solute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 12 OS=Homo sapiens GN=SLC2A12 PE=2 SV=1 MVPVENTEGPSLLNQKGTAVETEGSGSRHPPWARGCGMFTFLSSVTAAVSGLLVGYELGIISGALLQIKTLLALSCHEQE MVVSSLVIGALLASLTGGVLIDRYGRRTAIILSSCLLGLGSLVLILSLSYTVLIVGRIAIGVSISLSSIATCVYIAEIAP QHRRGLLVSLNELMIVIGILSAYISNYAFANVFHGWKYMFGLVIPLGVLQAIAMYFLPPSPRFLVMKGQEGAASKVLGRL RALSDTTEELTVIKSSLKDEYQYSFWDLFRSKDNMRTRIMIGLTLVFFVQITGQPNILFYASTVLKSVGFQSNEAASLAS TGVGVVKVISTIPATLLVDHVGSKTFLCIGSSVMAASLVTMGIVNLNIHMNFTHICRSHNSINQSLDESVIYGPGNLSTN NNTLRDHFKGISSHSRSSLMPLRNDVDKRGETTSASLLNAGLSHTEYQIVTDPGDVPAFLKWLSLASLLVYVAAFSIGLG PMPWLVLSEIFPGGIRGRAMALTSSMNWGINLLISLTFLTVTDLIGLPWVCFIYTIMSLASLLFVVMFIPETKGCSLEQI SMELAKVNYVKNNICFMSHHQEELVPKQPQKRKPQEQLLECNKLCGRGQSRQLSPET