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1.A.1.11.5
The voltage-dependent L-type Ca2+ channel α-subunit-1H (T-type Cav3.2), CACNA1H (mutations can cause an increased propensity for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) characterized by impaired social interactions, communication skills and restricted and repetitive behaviors) (Splawski et al., 2006). Also called Cav3.2 or VSCC. Involved in a variety of calcium-dependent processes, including muscle contraction, hormone or neurotransmitter release, gene expression, cell motility, cell division and cell death. The isoform alpha-1H gives rise to T-type calcium currents, ''low-voltage activated'' currents blocked by nickel and mibefradil. Defective in Childhood Absence Epilepsy. Are permeated by divalent metal ions, such as Fe2+ and Mn2+ , and possibly Cd2+ (Thévenod, 2010).  Patented inhibitors of T-type calcium channels have been reviewed (Giordanetto et al. 2011).  Regulated by Syntaxin-1A (Xie et al. 2016).

Accession Number:O95180
Protein Name:CACNA1H
Length:2353
Molecular Weight:259163.00
Species:Homo sapiens (Human) [9606]
Number of TMSs:16
Location1 / Topology2 / Orientation3: Membrane1 / Multi-pass membrane protein2
Substrate Ca2+, Mn2+, Fe2+, Cd2+

Cross database links:

Genevestigator: O95180
RefSeq: NP_001005407.1    NP_066921.2   
Entrez Gene ID: 8912   
Pfam: PF00520   
Drugbank: Drugbank Link   
OMIM: 607904  gene
611942  phenotype
KEGG: hsa:8912   

Gene Ontology

GO:0005891 C:voltage-gated calcium channel complex
GO:0008332 F:low voltage-gated calcium channel activity
GO:0006816 P:calcium ion transport
GO:0006936 P:muscle contraction
GO:0007517 P:muscle organ development
GO:0007520 P:myoblast fusion
GO:0008016 P:regulation of heart contraction
GO:0055085 P:transmembrane transport

References (8)

[1] “Cloning and characterization of alpha1H from human heart, a member of the T-type Ca2+ channel gene family.”  Cribbs L.L.et.al.   9670923
[2] “Structure and functional characterization of a novel human low-voltage activated calcium channel.”  Williams M.E.et.al.   9930755
[3] “Identification and localization of T-type voltage-operated calcium channel subunits in human male germ cells. Expression of multiple isoforms.”  Jagannathan S.et.al.   11751928
[4] “Sequence, structure and pathology of the fully annotated terminal 2 Mb of the short arm of human chromosome 16.”  Daniels R.J.et.al.   11157797
[5] “The sequence and analysis of duplication-rich human chromosome 16.”  Martin J.et.al.   15616553
[6] “Global, in vivo, and site-specific phosphorylation dynamics in signaling networks.”  Olsen J.V.et.al.   17081983
[7] “Automated phosphoproteome analysis for cultured cancer cells by two-dimensional nanoLC-MS using a calcined titania/C18 biphasic column.”  Imami K.et.al.   18187866
[8] “Association between genetic variation of CACNA1H and childhood absence epilepsy.”  Chen Y.et.al.   12891677

External Searches:

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  • 2° Structure (Network Protein Sequence Analysis)

Analyze:

Predict TMSs (Predict number of transmembrane segments)
Window Size: Angle:  
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FASTA formatted sequence
1:	MTEGARAADE VRVPLGAPPP GPAALVGASP ESPGAPGREA ERGSELGVSP SESPAAERGA 
61:	ELGADEEQRV PYPALAATVF FCLGQTTRPR SWCLRLVCNP WFEHVSMLVI MLNCVTLGMF 
121:	RPCEDVECGS ERCNILEAFD AFIFAFFAVE MVIKMVALGL FGQKCYLGDT WNRLDFFIVV 
181:	AGMMEYSLDG HNVSLSAIRT VRVLRPLRAI NRVPSMRILV TLLLDTLPML GNVLLLCFFV 
241:	FFIFGIVGVQ LWAGLLRNRC FLDSAFVRNN NLTFLRPYYQ TEEGEENPFI CSSRRDNGMQ 
301:	KCSHIPGRRE LRMPCTLGWE AYTQPQAEGV GAARNACINW NQYYNVCRSG DSNPHNGAIN 
361:	FDNIGYAWIA IFQVITLEGW VDIMYYVMDA HSFYNFIYFI LLIIVGSFFM INLCLVVIAT 
421:	QFSETKQRES QLMREQRARH LSNDSTLASF SEPGSCYEEL LKYVGHIFRK VKRRSLRLYA 
481:	RWQSRWRKKV DPSAVQGQGP GHRQRRAGRH TASVHHLVYH HHHHHHHHYH FSHGSPRRPG 
541:	PEPGACDTRL VRAGAPPSPP SPGRGPPDAE SVHSIYHADC HIEGPQERAR VAHAAATAAA 
601:	SLRLATGLGT MNYPTILPSG VGSGKGSTSP GPKGKWAGGP PGTGGHGPLS LNSPDPYEKI 
661:	PHVVGEHGLG QAPGHLSGLS VPCPLPSPPA GTLTCELKSC PYCTRALEDP EGELSGSESG 
721:	DSDGRGVYEF TQDVRHGDRW DPTRPPRATD TPGPGPGSPQ RRAQQRAAPG EPGWMGRLWV 
781:	TFSGKLRRIV DSKYFSRGIM MAILVNTLSM GVEYHEQPEE LTNALEISNI VFTSMFALEM 
841:	LLKLLACGPL GYIRNPYNIF DGIIVVISVW EIVGQADGGL SVLRTFRLLR VLKLVRFLPA 
901:	LRRQLVVLVK TMDNVATFCT LLMLFIFIFS ILGMHLFGCK FSLKTDTGDT VPDRKNFDSL 
961:	LWAIVTVFQI LTQEDWNVVL YNGMASTSSW AALYFVALMT FGNYVLFNLL VAILVEGFQA 
1021:	EGDANRSDTD EDKTSVHFEE DFHKLRELQT TELKMCSLAV TPNGHLEGRG SLSPPLIMCT 
1081:	AATPMPTPKS SPFLDAAPSL PDSRRGSSSS GDPPLGDQKP PASLRSSPCA PWGPSGAWSS 
1141:	RRSSWSSLGR APSLKRRGQC GERESLLSGE GKGSTDDEAE DGRAAPGPRA TPLRRAESLD 
1201:	PRPLRPAALP PTKCRDRDGQ VVALPSDFFL RIDSHREDAA ELDDDSEDSC CLRLHKVLEP 
1261:	YKPQWCRSRE AWALYLFSPQ NRFRVSCQKV ITHKMFDHVV LVFIFLNCVT IALERPDIDP 
1321:	GSTERVFLSV SNYIFTAIFV AEMMVKVVAL GLLSGEHAYL QSSWNLLDGL LVLVSLVDIV 
1381:	VAMASAGGAK ILGVLRVLRL LRTLRPLRVI SRAPGLKLVV ETLISSLRPI GNIVLICCAF 
1441:	FIIFGILGVQ LFKGKFYYCE GPDTRNISTK AQCRAAHYRW VRRKYNFDNL GQALMSLFVL 
1501:	SSKDGWVNIM YDGLDAVGVD QQPVQNHNPW MLLYFISFLL IVSFFVLNMF VGVVVENFHK 
1561:	CRQHQEAEEA RRREEKRLRR LERRRRSTFP SPEAQRRPYY ADYSPTRRSI HSLCTSHYLD 
1621:	LFITFIICVN VITMSMEHYN QPKSLDEALK YCNYVFTIVF VFEAALKLVA FGFRRFFKDR 
1681:	WNQLDLAIVL LSLMGITLEE IEMSAALPIN PTIIRIMRVL RIARVLKLLK MATGMRALLD 
1741:	TVVQALPQVG NLGLLFMLLF FIYAALGVEL FGRLECSEDN PCEGLSRHAT FSNFGMAFLT 
1801:	LFRVSTGDNW NGIMKDTLRE CSREDKHCLS YLPALSPVYF VTFVLVAQFV LVNVVVAVLM 
1861:	KHLEESNKEA REDAELDAEI ELEMAQGPGS ARRVDADRPP LPQESPGARD APNLVARKVS 
1921:	VSRMLSLPND SYMFRPVVPA SAPHPRPLQE VEMETYGAGT PLGSVASVHS PPAESCASLQ 
1981:	IPLAVSSPAR SGEPLHALSP RGTARSPSLS RLLCRQEAVH TDSLEGKIDS PRDTLDPAEP 
2041:	GEKTPVRPVT QGGSLQSPPR SPRPASVRTR KHTFGQRCVS SRPAAPGGEE AEASDPADEE 
2101:	VSHITSSACP WQPTAEPHGP EASPVAGGER DLRRLYSVDA QGFLDKPGRA DEQWRPSAEL 
2161:	GSGEPGEAKA WGPEAEPALG ARRKKKMSPP CISVEPPAED EGSARPSAAE GGSTTLRRRT 
2221:	PSCEATPHRD SLEPTEGSGA GGDPAAKGER WGQASCRAEH LTVPSFAFEP LDLGVPSGDP 
2281:	FLDGSHSVTP ESRASSSGAI VPLEPPESEP PMPVGDPPEK RRGLYLTVPQ CPLEKPGSPS 
2341:	ATPAPGGGAD DPV