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1.C.91 The Stefin B Pore-forming Protein (Stefin B) Family

Human stefin B, from the family of cystatins, is a model amyloidogenic protein to study the mechanism of amyloid fibril formation and cytotoxicity. Interaction of the protein's prefibrillar oligomers/aggregates with predominantly acidic phospholipid membranes is known to correlate with cellular toxicity.  Rabzelj et al. (2008) studied membrane interaction of the prefibrillar and native states for three variants: Y31 isoform, the wild-type protein and the G4R mutant.  The G4R mutant is observed in progressive myoclonus epilepsy type 1. Wild-type stefin B and the Y31 isoform are able to form pores in planar lipid bilayers, whereas G4R destroys the bilayer by a non pore-forming process. Similarities to other amyloidogenic proteins have been considered (Rabzelj et al., 2008).

References associated with 1.C.91 family:

Anderluh, G. and E. Zerovnik. (2012). Pore formation by human stefin B in its native and oligomeric states and the consequent amyloid induced toxicity. Front Mol Neurosci 5: 85. 22876218
Rabzelj, S., G. Viero, I. Gutiérrez-Aguirre, V. Turk, M. Dalla Serra, G. Anderluh, and E. Zerovnik. (2008). Interaction with model membranes and pore formation by human stefin B: studying the native and prefibrillar states. FEBS J. 275: 2455-2466. 18397316