Melanocyte-specific antigen or melanoma antigen, MatP, Slc45a2, Aim-1, AIM1, at the mouse underwhite locus. Regulated by a melanocyte-specific transcription factor essential for pigmentation, MITF (Du and Fisher 2002). Mutations in MatP in humans cause oculocutaneous albinism type IV (OCA4), an autosomal recessive inherited disorder which is
characterized by reduced biosynthesis of melanin pigmentation in skin, hair and eyes.
The MATP protein consists of 530 amino acids which contains 12 TMSs (Kamaraj and Purohit 2016). The D93N mutation causes oculocutaneous albinism 4 (OCA4), and the L374F mutatioin
correlates with light pigmentation in European populations.
Corresponding mutations were produced in the related and
well-characterized sucrose transporter from rice, OsSUT1, and transport
activity was measured by heterologous expression in Xenopus laevis oocytes and 14C-sucrose uptake in yeast. The D93N mutant had completly lost transport activity while the L374F mutant showed a 90% decrease in
transport activity, although the substrate affinity was unaffected (Kamaraj and Purohit 2016). Mutations in MATP protein showed loss of stability and became more flexible, which alter its
structural conformation and function (Kamaraj and Purohit 2016).
|Protein Name:||Membrane-associated transporter protein|
|Species:||Mus musculus (Mouse)  |
|Number of TMSs:||12|
|Location1 / Topology2 / Orientation3:
Melanosome membrane1 / Multi-pass membrane protein2
1: MSGSNGPTDT HTYQSLAEDC PFGSVEQPKR STGRLVMHSM AMFGREFCYA VEAAYVTPVL
61: LSVGLPKSLY SMVWLLSPIL GFLLQPVVGS ASDHCRARWG RRRPYILTLA IMMLLGMALY
121: LNGDAVVSAL VANPRQKLIW AISITMVGVV LFDFSADFID GPIKAYLFDV CSHQDKEKGL
181: HYHALFTGFG GALGYILGAI DWVHLDLGRL LGTEFQVMFF FSALVLILCF ITHLCSIPEA
241: PLRDAATDPP SQQDPQGSSL SASGMHEYGS IEKVKNGGAD TEQPVQEWKN KKPSGQSQRT
301: MSMKSLLRAL VNMPSHYRCL CVSHLIGWTA FLSNMLFFTD FMGQIVYHGD PYGAHNSTEF
361: LIYERGVEVG CWGLCINSVF SSVYSYFQKA MVSYIGLKGL YFMGYLLFGL GTGFIGLFPN
421: VYSTLVLCSM FGVMSSTLYT VPFNLIAEYH REEEKEKGQE APGGPDNQGR GKGVDCAALT
481: CMVQLAQILV GGGLGFLVNM AGSVVVVVIT ASAVSLIGCC FVALFVRYVD