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3.A.1.210.12
ABCB3 of 704 aas and 6 TMSs.  Essential for the biosynthesis of heme in mitochondria, and of iron-sulfur centers (ISC) in the cytoplasm. The protein is an ABC half-transporter that has an N-terminal extension required to target LmABCB3 to the mitochondrion.  Martínez-García et al. 2016 showed that LmABCB3 interacts with porphyrins and is required for the mitochondrial synthesis of heme from a host precursor. It complements the severe growth defect in yeast lacking ATM1, an orthologue of human ABCB7, involved in exporting from mitochondria a gluthatione-containing compound required for the generation of cytosolic ISC. Docking analyzes using trypanothione, the main thiol in the parasite, showed how both, LmABCB3 and yeast ATM1, contain a similar thiol-binding pocket. LmABCB3 is an essential gene as dominant negative inhibition of LmABCB3 is lethal for the parasite. The abrogation of only one allele of the gene did not impede promastigote growth in axenic culture but prevented the replication of intracellular amastigotes and the virulence of the parasites in a mouse model of cutaneous leishmaniasis.

Accession Number:Q4Q4W3
Protein Name:Putative ATP-binding cassette protein subfamily B,member 3
Length:704
Molecular Weight:77375.00
Species:Leishmania major [5664]
Number of TMSs:6
Substrate Glutathione

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FASTA formatted sequence
1:	MGERVAAAGQ EAQRSPHRPL PPVDQPASPG DALPFDAAQK TSTGDATAEP ETSVKKEKPT 
61:	TSITTPPRLD GIQISEKASD IPVGRVLWKM WTYLWPHGEP KIKMLVASSV VCVLVAKVLR 
121:	VAVPFWFKTI VDLLAPTTAT AEAVAVAGPL TVGVFGCVVA YGICRITTFV SEELKTVLFA 
181:	PVGGHASTKL SMEMFNKLHQ LDLDYHLSRE TGVLSKDLDR GSRAFWSLAY VLLFMIAPTI 
241:	FEMGLVCYAL NSQAGPQFIG IALIAVFSYV AWTFSVTNWR SKFRTRYNAL ESRVGGLIVD 
301:	SLLNYETIKY FGSEKYESER IREETENMNK KLVILDQTMA LLNFGQQLIF VVASVLSLYL 
361:	ATCGVLTGAM TVGDLVLVDA LLMQLYMPLS YLGMIYREVQ SSTQNMQAMI ALLDQRSNMK 
421:	DTADEKAYKY IDGTIELRNV TFEYKTELDR LVLRNLSLTI PGGKTVAFVG PSGSGKSTIF 
481:	RLLFRFYDPT SGQVLLDGQP LDKLRMESVR KCIGVIPQDT VLFNESVRYN IRYGRMDATD 
541:	AEVEAAARAA SLHDTIARMS EGYDTSVGER GLRLSGGEKQ RISIARVLLR DPPILLADEA 
601:	TSALDSMTEL NVMETLKNAT ERTRRRTIVL VAHRLTTVKE ADMIFVLDGK GGLAEQGTHA 
661:	ELLGKDGLYA AMWHQQLSEQ YQATGGAAPE DAQATDAEPA ATHG