TCDB is operated by the Saier Lab Bioinformatics Group
TCIDNameDomainKingdom/PhylumProtein(s)
*8.B.3.1.1









Huwentoxin-1 precursor
Eukaryota
Metazoa
Huwentoxin-1 precursor of Selenocosmia huwena (81 aas; P56676)
*8.B.3.1.2









Hainantoxin-4 (processed)
Eukaryota
Metazoa
Hainantoxin-4 of Selenocosmia hainana (35 aas; P83471)
*8.B.3.1.3









Huwentoxin-4 precursor of 89 aas.  This lethal neurotoxin acts selectively on tetrodotoxin-sensitive (TTX-S) voltage-gated sodium channels.

Eukaryota
Metazoa
Huwentoxin-4 precursor of Ornithoctonus huwena (Chinese bird spider) (Selenocosmia huwena) (Haplopelma schmidti) (P83303)
*8.B.3.1.4









Phrixotoxin 3. (β-stranded β-Theraphotoxin-Ps1A) Na+-channel blocker (Ono et al., 2011).

Eukaryota
Metazoa
Phrixotoxin 3 of Paraphysa scrofa (P84510)
*8.B.3.1.5









Jingzhaotoxin F7-10.36 of 34 aas.  Interacts with and activates Kv2.1 and Nav1.5 channels
(Tao et al. 2013; Tao et al. 2013).

Eukaryota
Metazoa
Jingzhaotoxin F7 of Chilobrachys guangxiensis (chilobrachys jingzhao; chinese earth tiger tarantula)

 
*8.B.3.1.6









U24-Theraphotoxin-Cgla (U24-TRTx-Cg1a) or Jingzhaotoxin-27 (JZTx-27) of 79 aas and 1 N-terminal TMS.  JZTx-27 traps the voltage sensor of NsVBa (TC# 1,A,1,14,8) in one of the deactivated states. In mammalian NaVs, JZTx-27 preferably inhibits the inactivation of NaV1.5 by targeting the fourth transmembrane domain. This peptide antagonist preferentially targets prokaryotic NaVs, but it stabilizes the NsVBa voltage sensor in the deactivated state (Tang et al. 2017).

Eukaryota
Metazoa
JZTx-27 of Chilobrachys guangxiensis (Chinese earth tiger tarantula) (Chilobrachys jingzhao)
*8.B.3.1.9









 GsMTx4 of 82 aas and one N-terminal TMS.  This cationic hydrophobic peptide inhibits a lot of different Na+ and K+ channels and has antimicrobial activity (Gnanasambandam et al. 2017). It blocks mechanosensitive ion channels (also named stretch-activated channels or SACs), without having effect on whole-cell voltage-sensitive currents. Acts by partitioning into the membrane and perturbing the interface between the channel and the lipid bilayer without necessarily being in physical contact with the channel. Inhibits atrial fibrillation as well as the membrane motor of outer hair cells at low doses. It also binds to the voltage sensor of voltage-gated potassium channels from the archaebacterium Aeropyrum pernix (KvAP) without affecting channel gating. The presence of a 'disulfide through disulfide knot' structurally defines this protein as a knottin (Gnanasambandam et al. 2017).


Eukaryota
Metazoa
 GsMTx4 of Grammostola rosea (Chilean rose tarantula) (Grammostola spatulata)