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9.C.10 The Liver Nicotinic/Nicotinamide Transporter

Said et al. (2007) have reported the uptake of nicotinic acid (niacin) in human liver cells by an energy dependent, Na+-independent, carrier-mediated process (Km= 1nM). The process was inhibited by nicotinate and nicotinamide but not by unrelated organic anions. Inhibitors of Ca2+-calmodulin inhibited uptake. The carrier was not identified.

The probable transport reaction is:

niacin (out) niacin (in)

References associated with 9.C.10 family:

Said, H.M., S.M. Nabokina, K. Balamurugan, Z.M. Mohammed, C. Urbina, and M.L. Kashyap. (2007). Mechanism of nicotinic acid transport in human liver cells: experiments with HepG2 cells and primary hepatocytes. Am. J. Physiol. Cell Physiol. 293: C1773-1778. 17928533