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9.C.5 The Endoplasmic Reticulum/Golgi ATP/ADP or AMP Antiport Transporters (ATP-T)

Eukaryotes possess intracellular ATP carriers that allow ATP-dependent protein folding and degradation in the lumen of the ER and golgi appartatus. ATP is transported with micromolar affinity in exchange for ADP or AMP.

References associated with 9.C.5 family:

Liu, C.J., Y.C. Miao, and K.W. Zhang. (2011). Sequestration and transport of lignin monomeric precursors. Molecules 16: 710-727. 21245806
Miao, Y.C. and C.J. Liu. (2010). ATP-binding cassette-like transporters are involved in the transport of lignin precursors across plasma and vacuolar membranes. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107: 22728-22733. 21149736