9.B.102 The YedE/YeeE (YeeE) Family
The YeeE family (also called the COG2392 or DUF395 family) consists of numerous putative transport proteins of from 4 to 10 TMSs (G Madrigal, P Kabran and M Saier, unpublished observations). Some of these (i.e PmpA and PmpB, both of 4 TMSs) may function together as a heterodimeric transporter. In some cases, two YeeE homologues are encoded in a single operon with a member of the TSUP family e.g., PmpC (2.A.102.4.2; Gristwood et al., 2011). Some evidence suggests that some of these proteins may play a role in sulfur and/or selenium metabolism (Lin et al. 2015). The smaller proteins (4 - 6 TMSs) have one of two conserved, related motifs, A or B, while the larger proteins (9 - 10 TMSs) have both in either of the two possible orders, A - B or B - A within two repeat segemnts of 5 TMSs (unpublished results).
YedE; 401aas; 10 TMSs (Gristwood et al., 2011). Evidence suggests it may play a role in selenium transport (Lin et al. 2015).
YedE of E. coli (P31064)
YeeE homologue of 409 aas
YeeE homologue of Sulfolobus solfataricus
YeeE homologue of 329 aas and 10 TMSs
YeeE homologue of Metarhizobium anisopliae
YeeE/YedE protein with 9 TMSs and a C-terminal SirA/YedF/YeeD/YvrY domain of about 100 aas. The hydrophilic SirA α/β sandwich domain has been suggested to be involved in surface attachement and biofilm formation in enteric bacteria (Teplitski et al. 2006; Salazar et al. 2013). However, SirA/TusA/YhhP proteins bind FMN, catalyze sulfur transfer, and are important for sulfur oxidation, tRNA thiomodification and molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis (Dahl et al. 2013; Lee et al. 2013; Higgins et al. 2015) Homologues have been shown to bind sulfur via a cysteyl residue, and growth on sullfide in sufur oxidation bacteria requires such a homologue (Stockdreher et al. 2014). Genes encoding homologues of YeeD are often found sandwiched in between the two genes encoding half sized YeeE homologues of 4 or 5 TMSs.
YeeE homologue of Corynebacterium efficiens
Uncharacterized YeeE homologue of 305 aas
YeeE homologue of Turneriella parva
YedE homologue of 349 aas and 10 TMSs
YedE of Treponema pedis
YeeE homologue of 425 aas and 10 TMSs
YeeE homologue of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae
Uncharacterized protein of 333 aas and 9 TMSs
UP of Pseudothermotoga thermarum
Uncharacterized protein of 360 aas and 10 TMSs
UP of Pyrobaculum oguniense
Uncharacterized protein of 167 aas and 4 TMSs
UP of Caldithrix abyssi
YeeE homologue of 187 aas and 5 TMSs
YeeE of Pedobacter heparinus
YeeE/UPF0394 family; DUF395 (352aas; 9 or 10 TMSs)
YeeE of E. coli (P33015)
YeeE homologue of 157 aas and 4 TMSs
YeeE homologue of Methanocaldococcus fervens (Methanococcus fervens)
Uncharacterized protein of 285 aas and 8 TMSs.
UP of Photobacterium profundum
Uncharacteerized protein of 458 aas and 10 TMSs
UP of Thermoplasmatales archaeon I-plasma
Uncharacterized protein of 363 aas and 10 TMSs (Cluster 2).
UP of Dictyostelium discoideum
Putative permease of 228 aas and 6 TMSs (Cluster 3).
PP of Clostridium tetani
Uncharacterized protein of 371 aas and 10 TMSs (Cluster 4).
UP of Geobacter metallireducens
Uncharacterized protein of 402 aas (cluster 5)
UP of Halorubrum lacusprofundi
YeeE homologue of 172 aas.
YeeE homologue of Methanosaeta harundinacea
YeeE homologue of 398 aas and 10 TMSs.
YeeE homologue of Desulfonatonospira thiodismutans
YeeE homologue of 422 aas and 11 TMSs.
YeeE homologue of Thermoplasma acidophilum
Putative MFS permease (384aa; 10-12 TMSs)
Putative MFS permease of Thiomonas sp 3As (D6CN48)
YeeE homologue of 375 aas and 9 TMSs.
YeeE homologue of Bordetella avium
YeeE homologue of 396 aas and 10 TMSs
YeeE of Variovorax paradoxus
Uncharacterized protein of 403 aas and 12 TMSs
UP of Thalassospira profundimaris
YeeE homologue of 122 aas and 4 TMSs
YeeE of Candidatus Entotheonella sp. TSY2
SoxT, a putative permease encoded in an operon (soxSRT) concerned with the oxidation of both thiosulfate and tetrathionate (Lahiri et al., 2006). The putative transprter is 362aas in length with 10 putative TMSs in an apparent 2+2+2+2+2 arrangement. SoxT has been modeled after LacY with predictions of substrate binding (Bagchi 2013).
SoxT of Pseudoaminobacter salicylatoxidans (Q5ZQN6)
Uncharacterized protein of 423 aas and 9 TMSs (Cluster 1).
UP of Alkalilimnicola ehrlichei
Membrane protein of 371 aas and 9 TMSs
Membrane protein of Ramlibacter tataouinensis
Uncharacterized protein of 383 aas and 9 TMSs
UP of Aurantimonas manganoxydans
YeeE homoogue of 357 aas and 9 TMSs
YeeE of Ruegeria pomeroyi (Silicibacter pomeroyi)
Rhodanese domain-containing protein (RCP) (647aas; The 6 N-terminal TMSs are distantly related to YeeE (TC#9.B.102.1.2))
RCP of Syntrophobacter fumaroxidans (A0LFK9)
YeeE homologue of 218 aas
YeeE homologue of Anaeromyxobacter dehalogenans
YeeE homologue of 185 aas
YeeE homologue of Geobacter sulfurreducens
YeeE-Rhodanese fusion protein of 419 aas
fusion protein of Opitutus terrae
YeeE homologue of 175 aas and 5 TMSs
YeeE homologue of Sporomusa ovata
Putative permease of 147 aas and 4 TMSs.
Putative permease of Thiomonas sp. 3As (D6CUL1)
Putative permease subunit of 142 aas and 4 TMSs, PmpA. The N- and C-termni are predicted to be outside. It belongs to the Duf395/COG2391 family. Its structural gene, pmpA, is adjacent to pmpB (TC# 9.B.102.5.5) which encodes another small 4 TMS protein of opposite orientation in the membrane. These genes and pmpC, encoding a transporter of the TSUP family (2.A.102) that might function in sulfur or selenium metabolism (Lin et al. 2015), are localized in a gene cluster concerned with prodigiosin (red pigment (Darshan and Manonmani 2015)) production (Gristwood et al. 2011). Hence, PmpA/PmpB might export prodigiosin, but no direct evidence is available to support such a possibility. Prodigiosin is an aromatic compound that does not contain sulfur.
Interestingly, The ability of pigmented strains of Serratia marcescens to grow on bread has led to a possible explanation for transubstantiation miracles, in which eucharistic bread is converted into the body of Christ. Such miracles led to Pope Urban IV to institut the feast of Corpus Christi in 1264. This followed celebration of a mass of Bolsena in 1263, led by a Bohemian priest who had doubts concerning transsubstantiation. During the Mass, the eucharist appeared to bleed, and each time the priest wiped away the blood, more would appear. This event is celebrated in a fresco in the Pontifical Palace in the Vatican City, painted by Raphael.
PmpA of Serratia sp.
Uncharacterized protein of 378 aas and 9 TMSs. The N-terminal 4 TMSs match PmpA (TC# 9.B.102.5.2) while the C-terminal 4 TMSs match PmpB (TC# 9.B.102.5.5) as top hits. Only the central TMS does not show homology. Therefore, the N-terminus of this protein may have its N-terminus inside and its C-terminus outside. Further, this provides evidence that PmpA and PmpB are two parts of a single two subunit transporter. Prodigiosin, which is hypothesized to export prodigiosin in Serratia species, could be the function of this protein since Galdieria species are sensitive to prodigiosin. Thus it could be a prodigiosin efflux pump (Lee et al. 2017).
UP of Galdieria sulphuraria
Uncharacterized protein of 353 as and 9 TMSs. Similar to TC#9.B.102.5.3 (see the description of this protein).
UP of Galdieria sulphuraria
4 TMS protein of 142 aas, PmpB. It has N- and C-termini predicted to be on the inside. The opposite orientation is observed for PmpA (TC# 9.B.102.5.2) which in encoded by a gene adjacent to the pmpB gene. These two proteins may comprise a single two subunit transporter. These two genes are adjacent to pmpC which encodes a member of the TSUP family of sulfur compound uptake permeases (Gristwood et al., 2011, Shlykov et al., 2012).
PmpB of Serratia sp. (E7BBJ2)
YeeE homologue of 137 aas
YeeE homologue of Psychroflexus torquis
YeeE homologue of 158 aas and 4 TMSs
YeeE homologue of Thiomonas intermedia (Thiobacillus intermedius)
YeeE homologue of 369 aas and 8 TMSs
YeeE homologue of Rhodosporidium toruloides (Yeast) (Rhodotorula gracilis)