|Name:||ATP-binding cassette, sub-family C (CFTR/MRP), member 12|
|PubMed (11435397):|| Dean M, Rzhetsky A, Allikmets R. The human ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter superfamily.Genome Res. 2001 Jul;11(7):1156-66. Review. PMID: 11435397 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]|
The ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter superfamily contains membrane proteins that translocate a variety of substrates across extra- and intra-cellular membranes. Genetic variation in these genes is the cause of or contributor to a wide variety of human disorders with Mendelian and complex inheritance, including cystic fibrosis, neurological disease, retinal degeneration, cholesterol and bile transport defects, anemia, and drug response. Conservation of the ATP-binding domains of these genes has allowed the identification of new members of the superfamily based on nucleotide and protein sequence homology. Phylogenetic analysis is used to divide all 48 known ABC transporters into seven distinct subfamilies of proteins. For each gene, the precise map location on human chromosomes, expression data, and localization within the superfamily has been determined. These data allow predictions to be made as to potential functions or disease phenotypes associated with each protein. In this paper, we review the current state of knowledge on all human ABC genes in inherited disease and drug resistance. In addition, the availability of the complete Drosophila genome sequence allows the comparison of the known human ABC genes with those in the fly genome. The combined data enable an evolutionary analysis of the superfamily. Complete characterization of all ABC from the human genome and from model organisms will lead to important insights into the physiology and the molecular basis of many human disorders.
|PubMed (11483364):|| Tammur J, Prades C, Arnould I, Rzhetsky A, Hutchinson A, Adachi M, SchuetzJD, Swoboda KJ, Ptacek LJ, Rosier M, Dean M, Allikmets R. Two new genes from the human ATP-binding cassette transporter superfamily,ABCC11 and ABCC12, tandemly duplicated on chromosome 16q12.Gene. 2001 Jul 25;273(1):89-96. PMID: 11483364 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]|
Several years ago, we initiated a long-term project of cloning new human ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters and linking them to various disease phenotypes. As one of the results of this project, we present two new members of the human ABCC subfamily, ABCC11 and ABCC12. These two new human ABC transporters were fully characterized and mapped to the human chromosome 16q12. With the addition of these two genes, the complete human ABCC subfamily has 12 identified members (ABCC1-12), nine from the multidrug resistance-like subgroup, two from the sulfonylurea receptor subgroup, and the CFTR gene. Phylogenetic analysis determined that ABCC11 and ABCC12 are derived by duplication, and are most closely related to the ABCC5 gene. Genetic variation in some ABCC subfamily members is associated with human inherited diseases, including cystic fibrosis (CFTR/ABCC7), Dubin-Johnson syndrome (ABCC2), pseudoxanthoma elasticum (ABCC6) and familial persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia of infancy (ABCC8). Since ABCC11 and ABCC12 were mapped to a region harboring gene(s) for paroxysmal kinesigenic choreoathetosis, the two genes represent positional candidates for this disorder.
>sp|Q96J65|MRP9_HUMAN Multidrug resistance-associated protein 9 OS=Homo sapiens GN=ABCC12 PE=1 SV=2 MVGEGPYLISDLDQRGRRRSFAERYDPSLKTMIPVRPCARLAPNPVDDAGLLSFATFSWLTPVMVKGYRQRLTVDTLPPL STYDSSDTNAKRFRVLWDEEVARVGPEKASLSHVVWKFQRTRVLMDIVANILCIIMAAIGPVILIHQILQQTERTSGKVW VGIGLCIALFATEFTKVFFWALAWAINYRTAIRLKVALSTLVFENLVSFKTLTHISVGEVLNILSSDSYSLFEAALFCPL PATIPILMVFCAAYAFFILGPTALIGISVYVIFIPVQMFMAKLNSAFRRSAILVTDKRVQTMNEFLTCIRLIKMYAWEKS FTNTIQDIRRRERKLLEKAGFVQSGNSALAPIVSTIAIVLTLSCHILLRRKLTAPVAFSVIAMFNVMKFSIAILPFSIKA MAEANVSLRRMKKILIDKSPPSYITQPEDPDTVLLLANATLTWEHEASRKSTPKKLQNQKRHLCKKQRSEAYSERSPPAK GATGPEEQSDSLKSVLHSISFVVRKGKILGICGNVGSGKSSLLAALLGQMQLQKGVVAVNGTLAYVSQQAWIFHGNVREN ILFGEKYDHQRYQHTVRVCGLQKDLSNLPYGDLTEIGERGLNLSGGQRQRISLARAVYSDRQLYLLDDPLSAVDAHVGKH VFEECIKKTLRGKTVVLVTHQLQFLESCDEVILLEDGEICEKGTHKELMEERGRYAKLIHNLRGLQFKDPEHLYNAAMVE AFKESPAEREEDAGIIVLAPGNEKDEGKESETGSEFVDTKVPEHQLIQTESPQEGTVTWKTYHTYIKASGGYLLSLFTVF LFLLMIGSAAFSNWWLGLWLDKGSRMTCGPQGNRTMCEVGAVLADIGQHVYQWVYTASMVFMLVFGVTKGFVFTKTTLMA SSSLHDTVFDKILKSPMSFFDTTPTGRLMNRFSKDMDELDVRLPFHAENFLQQFFMVVFILVILAAVFPAVLLVVASLAV GFFILLRIFHRGVQELKKVENVSRSPWFTHITSSMQGLGIIHAYGKKESCITYHLLYFNCALRWFALRMDVLMNILTFTV ALLVTLSFSSISTSSKGLSLSYIIQLSGLLQVCVRTGTETQAKFTSVELLREYISTCVPECTHPLKVGTCPKDWPSRGEI TFRDYQMRYRDNTPLVLDSLNLNIQSGQTVGIVGRTGSGKSSLGMALFRLVEPASGTIFIDEVDICILSLEDLRTKLTVI PQDPVLFVGTVRYNLDPFESHTDEMLWQVLERTFMRDTIMKLPEKLQAEVTENGENFSVGERQLLCVARALLRNSKIILL DEATASMDSKTDTLVQNTIKDAFKGCTVLTIAHRLNTVLNCDHVLVMENGKVIEFDKPEVLAEKPDSAFAMLLAAEVRL