TCDB is operated by the Saier Lab Bioinformatics Group
Transporter Information:
Name: ATPase, H+ transporting, lysosomal 56/58kDa, V1 subunit B, isoform 1 (Renal tubular acidosis with deafness)
Symbol: ATP6V1B1
TC: 3.A.2.2.3
Locations: 2p13
Aliases: VATB, RTA1B, Vma2
GenBank: AF107466
Swiss-Prot: P15313
Accession Number: NM_001692
Old Name: ATPase, H+ transporting, lysosomal (vacuolar proton pump), beta polypeptide, 56/58kD, isoform 1 (Renal tubular acidosis with deafness)
PubMed (9916796): Karet FE, Finberg KE, Nelson RD, Nayir A, Mocan H, Sanjad SA,Rodriguez-Soriano J, Santos F, Cremers CW, Di Pietro A, Hoffbrand BI, WiniarskiJ, Bakkaloglu A, Ozen S, Dusunsel R, Goodyer P, Hulton SA, Wu DK, Skvorak AB,Morton CC, Cunningham MJ, Jha V, Lifton RP. Mutations in the gene encoding B1 subunit of H+-ATPase cause renal tubularacidosis with sensorineural deafness.Nat Genet. 1999 Jan;21(1):84-90. PMID: 9916796 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

H+-ATPases are ubiquitous in nature; V-ATPases pump protons against an electrochemical gradient, whereas F-ATPases reverse the process, synthesizing ATP. We demonstrate here that mutations in ATP6B1, encoding the B-subunit of the apical proton pump mediating distal nephron acid secretion, cause distal renal tubular acidosis, a condition characterized by impaired renal acid secretion resulting in metabolic acidosis. Patients with ATP6B1 mutations also have sensorineural hearing loss; consistent with this finding, we demonstrate expression of ATP6B1 in cochlea and endolymphatic sac. Our data, together with the known requirement for active proton secretion to maintain proper endolymph pH, implicate ATP6B1 in endolymph pH homeostasis and in normal auditory function. ATP6B1 is the first member of the H+-ATPase gene family in which mutations are shown to cause human disease.

PubMed (2527371): Sudhof TC, Fried VA, Stone DK, Johnston PA, Xie XS. Human endomembrane H+ pump strongly resembles the ATP-synthetase ofArchaebacteria.Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1989 Aug;86(16):6067-71. PMID: 2527371 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Preparations of mammalian H+ pumps that acidify intracellular vesicles contain eight or nine polypeptides, ranging in size from 116 to 17 kDa. Biochemical analysis indicates that the 70- and 58-kDa polypeptides are subunits critical for ATP hydrolysis. The amino acid sequences of the major catalytic subunits (58 and 70 kDa) of the endomembrane H+ pump are unknown from animal cells. We report here the complete sequence of the 58-kDa subunit derived from a human kidney cDNA clone and partial sequences of the 70- and 58-kDa subunits purified from clathrin-coated vesicles of bovine brain. The amino acid sequences of both proteins strongly resemble the sequences of the corresponding subunits of the vacuolar H+ pumps of Archaebacteria, plants, and fungi. The archaebacterial enzyme is believed to use a H+ gradient to synthesize ATP. Thus, a common ancestral protein has given rise to a H+ pump that synthesizes ATP in one organism and hydrolyzes it in another and is highly conserved from prokaryotes to humans. The same pump appears to mediate the acidification of intracellular organelles, including coated vesicles, lysosomes, and secretory granules, as well as extracellular fluids such as urine.

>gnl|TC-DB|P15313 3.A.2.2.4 V-type proton ATPase subunit B, kidney isoform