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Transporter Information:
Name: ATPase, H+ transporting, lysosomal 56/58kDa, V1 subunit B, isoform 2
Symbol: ATP6V1B2
TC: 3.A.2.2.3
Locations: 8p22-p21
Aliases: VATB, Vma2, HO57
GenBank: L35249
Swiss-Prot: P21281
Accession Number: NM_001693
Old Name: ATPase, H+ transporting, lysosomal (vacuolar proton pump), beta polypeptide, 56/58kD, isoform 2
PubMed (2145275): Bernasconi P, Rausch T, Struve I, Morgan L, Taiz L. An mRNA from human brain encodes an isoform of the B subunit of the vacuolarH(+)-ATPase.J Biol Chem. 1990 Oct 15;265(29):17428-31. PMID: 2145275 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

The B subunit (approximately 60 kDa) of the vacuolar H(+)-ATPase is one of the two major subunits comprising the hydrophilic catalytic complex of the enzyme. Using left and catalytic complex of the enzyme. Using left and right primers which bind two highly conserved sequences of the B subunit, an 836-base pair fragment was amplified from human brain cDNA by the polymerase chain reaction. The amplified fragment was used to probe a Northern blot and to screen a brain cDNA library. A single RNA band, 3.2 kilobases (kb) in length, was detected on Northern blots. A positive cDNA clone containing a 2.5-kb insert was isolated and sequenced. It included a long 3'-untranslated region (greater than 1.2 kb) and was missing a minor portion of the 5'-end of the coding region. The coding region of the brain cDNA sequence was 77% identical at the nucleotide level and 90% identical at the amino acid level to the previously reported sequence for the B subunit of the vacuolar H(+)-ATPase from human kidney (Sudhof, T. C., Fried, V. A., Stone, D. K., Johnston, P. A., and Xie, X.-S. (1989) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci, U. S. A. 86, 6067-6071). Within the coding region of the brain cDNA, which is 6 amino acid residues shorter at the 3'-end than the kidney sequence, an 11% difference in the GC content was calculated. The 3'-noncoding sequence of the brain cDNA was completely unrelated to that of kidney and was three times longer. We conclude that the B subunit cDNAs from human kidney and brain represent different isoforms. This is the first demonstration of an isoform of a vacuolar H(+)-ATPase subunit.

>P21281|VATB2_HUMAN Vacuolar ATP synthase subunit B, brain isoform - Homo sapiens (Human).