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Transporter Information:
Name: ATPase, H+ transporting, lysosomal 14kDa, V1 subunit F
Symbol: ATP6V1F
TC: 3.A.2.2.3
Locations: 7
Aliases: ATP6S14, VATF, Vma7
GenBank: D49400
Swiss-Prot: Q16864
Accession Number: NM_004231
PubMed (8581736): Fujiwara T, Kawai A, Shimizu F, Hirano H, Okuno S, Takeda S, Ozaki K,Shimada Y, Nagata M, Watanabe T, et al. Cloning, sequencing and expression of a novel cDNA encoding human vacuolarATPase (14-kDa subunit).DNA Res. 1995 Jun 30;2(3):107-11. PMID: 8581736 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

A cDNA encoding the 14-kDa subunit of vacuolar ATPase was cloned from human fetal brain. The sequence was composed of 680 nucleotides containing an open reading frame of 357 nucleotides. The deduced peptide sequence consisted of 119 amino acid residues with a calculated molecular weight of 13,369 Da and a pI of 5.19. Overall, this amino-acid sequence was respectively 69% and 70% identical to those of Manduca sexta and Drosophila melanogaster 14-kDa subunits, although the two representatives of Class Insecta were remarkably similar to one another (91% identity). Three regions in particular (the N-terminal, amino acids 5-36; the middle, residues 58-68; and the C-terminal, residues 88-118) were highly conserved. Hence, we think that the 14-kDa subunits have evolved from the same ancestral gene, and that the three conserved regions are important for the structure and function of vacuolar ATPase. A single 0.8-kb band was detected in various human tissues by Northern blot analysis. Since the human 14-kDa subunit is expressed ubiquitously, it might be a housekeeping protein. A separate transcript found in the cDNA library lacked a 6-bp segment in the 5' non-coding region (nucleotides -40 to -35) and also carried a 23C to T (8Thr to Ile) point mutation in the coding region; these minor differences likely reflected normal polymorphism.

PubMed (8621738): Peng SB, Crider BP, Tsai SJ, Xie XS, Stone DK. Identification of a 14-kDa subunit associated with the catalytic sector ofclathrin-coated vesicle H+-ATPase.J Biol Chem. 1996 Feb 9;271(6):3324-7. PMID: 8621738 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

The clathrin-coated vesicle H+-ATPase is composed of a peripheral catalytic sector (VC) and an integral membrane proton channel (VB), both of which are multiple subunit complexes. This study was conducted to determine if subunit F, previously identified in vacuolar proton pumps of tobacco hornworm and yeast, was present in mammalian pumps. Using a polymerase chain reaction-based strategy, we have isolated and sequenced cDNA clones from bovine and rat brain cDNA libraries. A full-length clone from rat brain encodes a 119-amino acid polypeptide with a predicted molecular mass of 13, 370 Da and with approximately 72 and 49% identity to subunit F of tobacco hornworm and yeast, respectively. Southern and Northern blot analyses indicate that the protein is encoded by a single gene. An anti-peptide antibody, directed against deduced protein sequence, was affinity-purified and shown to react with a 14-kDa polypeptide that is present in a highly purified pump prepared from clathrin-coated vesicles and also isolated VC. When stripped clathrin-coated vacuolars and purified chromaffin granule membranes were treated with KI in the presence of ATP, the 14-kDa subunit was released from both membranes, further indicating that it is part of the peripheral catalytic sector. In addition, direct sequencing of this 14-kDa component of the coated vacuolar proton pump confirmed its identity as a subunit F homologue.

>Q16864|VATF_HUMAN Vacuolar ATP synthase subunit F - Homo sapiens (Human).