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Transporter Information:
Name: potassium large conductance calcium-activated channel, subfamily M, beta member 1
Symbol: KCNMB1
TC: 8.A.14.1.1
Locations: 5q34
Aliases: hslo-beta
GenBank: AF035046
Swiss-Prot: Q16558
Accession Number: NM_004137
PubMed (8799178): Tseng-Crank J, Godinot N, Johansen TE, Ahring PK, Strobaek D, Mertz R,Foster CD, Olesen SP, Reinhart PH. Cloning, expression, and distribution of a Ca(2+)-activated K+ channelbeta-subunit from human brain.Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Aug 20;93(17):9200-5. PMID: 8799178 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

We have cloned and expressed a Ca(2+)-activated K+ channel beta-subunit from human brain. The open reading frame encodes a 191-amino acid protein possessing significant homology to a previously described subunit cloned from bovine muscle. The gene for this subunit is located on chromosome 5 at band q34 (hslo-beta). There is no evidence for alternative RNA splicing of this gene product. hslo-beta mRNA is abundantly expressed in smooth muscle, but expression levels are low in most other tissues, including brain. Brain subregions in which beta-subunit mRNA expression is relatively high are the hippocampus and corpus callosum. The coexpression of hslo-beta mRNA together with hslo-alpha subunits in either Xenopus oocytes or stably transfected HEK 293 cells give rise to Ca(2+)-activated potassium currents with a much increased calcium and/or voltage sensitivity. These data indicate that the beta-subunit shows a tissue distribution different to that of the alpha-subunit, and in many tissues there may be no association of alpha-subunits with beta-subunits. These beta-subunits can play a functional role in the regulation of neuronal excitability by tuning the Ca2+ and/or the voltage dependence of alpha-subunits.

PubMed (9888999): Jiang Z, Wallner M, Meera P, Toro L. Human and rodent MaxiK channel beta-subunit genes: cloning andcharacterization.Genomics. 1999 Jan 1;55(1):57-67. PMID: 9888999 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Voltage- and Ca2+-sensitive K+ (MaxiK) channels play key roles in controlling neuronal excitability and vascular tone. We cloned and analyzed human and rodent genes for the modulatory beta subunit, KCNMB1. The human and mouse beta-subunit genes are approximately 11 and approximately 9 kb in length, respectively, and have a four exon-three intron structure. Primer extension assay localized the transcription initiation site at 442 (human) or 440 (mouse) bp upstream of the translation initiation codon, agreeing with the transcript size in Northern blots. Both genes have a TATA-less putative promoter region, with a transcription initiator-like region, and motifs characteristic of regulated promoters, including muscle-specific enhancing factors-1 and -2. Consistent with a tissue-specific expression of KCNMB1, regulated at the transcriptional level, beta-subunit transcripts are abundant in smooth muscle and heart, but scarce in lymphatic tissues, brain, and liver. Expressed rat and mouse beta subunits increase the apparent Ca2+ sensitivity of the human MaxiK channel alpha subunit.

>Q16558|KCMB1_HUMAN Calcium-activated potassium channel subunit beta 1 - Homo sapiens (Human)