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Transporter Information:
Name: potassium voltage-gated channel, KQT-like subfamily, member 5
Symbol: KCNQ5
TC: 1.A.1.15.4
Locations: 6q14
Aliases: Kv7.5
GenBank: AF202977
Swiss-Prot: Q9NR82
Accession Number: NM_019842
PubMed (10787416): Lerche C, Scherer CR, Seebohm G, Derst C, Wei AD, Busch AE, Steinmeyer K. Molecular cloning and functional expression of KCNQ5, a potassium channelsubunit that may contribute to neuronal M-current diversity.J Biol Chem. 2000 Jul 21;275(29):22395-400. PMID: 10787416 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

We have isolated KCNQ5, a novel human member of the KCNQ potassium channel gene family that is differentially expressed in subregions of the brain and in skeletal muscle. When expressed in Xenopus oocytes, KCNQ5 generated voltage-dependent, slowly activating K(+)-selective currents that displayed a marked inward rectification at positive membrane voltages. KCNQ5 currents were insensitive to the K(+) channel blocker tetraethylammonium but were strongly inhibited by the selective M-current blocker linopirdine. Upon coexpression with the structurally related KCNQ3 channel subunit, current amplitudes increased 4-5-fold. Compared with homomeric KCNQ5 currents, KCNQ3/KCNQ5 currents also displayed slower activation kinetics and less inward rectification, indicating that KCNQ5 combined with KCNQ3 to form functional heteromeric channel proteins. This functional interaction between KCNQ5 and KCNQ3, a component of the M-channel, suggests that KCNQ5 may contribute to a diversity of heteromeric channels underlying native neuronal M-currents.

PubMed (10816588): Schroeder BC, Hechenberger M, Weinreich F, Kubisch C, Jentsch TJ. KCNQ5, a novel potassium channel broadly expressed in brain, mediates M-typecurrents.J Biol Chem. 2000 Aug 4;275(31):24089-95. PMID: 10816588 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

KCNQ2 and KCNQ3, both of which are mutated in a type of human neonatal epilepsy, form heteromeric potassium channels that are expressed in broad regions of the brain. The associated current may be identical to the M-current, an important regulator of neuronal excitability. We now show that the RNA encoding the novel KCNQ5 channel is also expressed in brain and in sympathetic ganglia where it overlaps largely with KCNQ2 and KCNQ3. In addition, it is expressed in skeletal muscle. KCNQ5 yields currents that activate slowly with depolarization and can form heteromeric channels with KCNQ3. Currents expressed from KCNQ5 have voltage dependences and inhibitor sensitivities in common with M-currents. They are also inhibited by M1 muscarinic receptor activation. A KCNQ5 splice variant found in skeletal muscle displays altered gating kinetics. This indicates a molecular diversity of channels yielding M-type currents and suggests a role for KCNQ5 in the regulation of neuronal excitability.