|Name:||solute carrier family 12 (potassium/chloride transporters), member 9|
|PubMed (10871601):|| Caron L, Rousseau F, Gagnon E, Isenring P. Cloning and functional characterization of a cation-Cl-cotransporter-interacting protein.J Biol Chem. 2000 Oct 13;275(41):32027-36. PMID: 10871601 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]|
To date, the cation-Cl(-) cotransporter (CCC) family comprises two branches of homologous membrane proteins. One branch includes the Na(+)-K(+)-Cl(-) cotransporters (NKCCs) and the Na(+)-Cl(-) cotransporter, and the other branch includes the K(+)-Cl(-) cotransporters. Here, we have isolated the first member of a third CCC family branch. This member shares approximately 25% identity in amino acid sequence with each of the other known mammalian CCCs. The corresponding cDNA, obtained from a human heart library and initially termed WO(3.3), encodes a 914-residue polypeptide of 96.2 kDa (calculated mass). Sequence analyses predict a 12-transmembrane domain (tm) region, two N-linked glycosylation sites between tm(5) and tm(6), and a large intracellular carboxyl terminus containing protein kinase C phosphorylation sites. Northern blot analysis uncovers an approximately 3.7-kilobase pair transcript present in muscle, placenta, brain, and kidney. With regard to function, WO(3. 3) expressed either in HEK-293 cells or Xenopus laevis oocytes does not increase Rb(+)-, Na(+)-, and Cl(-)-coupled transport during 5- or 6-h fluxes, respectively. In the oocyte, however, WO(3.3) specifically inhibits human NKCC1-mediated (86)Rb(+) flux. In addition, coimmunoprecipitation studies using lysates from WO(3. 3)-transfected HEK-293 cells suggest a direct interaction of WO(3.3) with endogenous NKCC. Thus, we have cloned and characterized the first putative heterologous CCC-interacting protein (CIP) known at present. CIP1 may be part of a novel family of proteins that modifies the activity or kinetics of CCCs through heterodimer formation.
|PubMed (11239002):|| Wilson MD, Riemer C, Martindale DW, Schnupf P, Boright AP, Cheung TL, HardyDM, Schwartz S, Scherer SW, Tsui LC, Miller W, Koop BF. Comparative analysis of the gene-dense ACHE/TFR2 region on human chromosome7q22 with the orthologous region on mouse chromosome 5.Nucleic Acids Res. 2001 Mar 15;29(6):1352-65. PMID: 11239002 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]|
Chromosome 7q22 has been the focus of many cytogenetic and molecular studies aimed at delineating regions commonly deleted in myeloid leukemias and myelodysplastic syndromes. We have compared a gene-dense, GC-rich sub-region of 7q22 with the orthologous region on mouse chromosome 5. A physical map of 640 kb of genomic DNA from mouse chromosome 5 was derived from a series of overlapping bacterial artificial chromosomes. A 296 kb segment from the physical map, spanning ACHE: to Tfr2, was compared with 267 kb of human sequence. We identified a conserved linkage of 12 genes including an open reading frame flanked by ACHE: and Asr2, a novel cation-chloride cotransporter interacting protein Cip1, Ephb4, Zan and Perq1. While some of these genes have been previously described, in each case we present new data derived from our comparative sequence analysis. Adjacent unfinished sequence data from the mouse contains an orthologous block of 10 additional genes including three novel cDNA sequences that we subsequently mapped to human 7q22. Methods for displaying comparative genomic information, including unfinished sequence data, are becoming increasingly important. We supplement our printed comparative analysis with a new, Web-based program called Laj (local alignments with java). Laj provides interactive access to archived pairwise sequence alignments via the WWW. It displays synchronized views of a dot-plot, a percent identity plot, a nucleotide-level local alignment and a variety of relevant annotations. Our mouse-human comparison can be viewed at http://web.uvic.ca/~bioweb/laj.html. Laj is available at http://bio.cse.psu.edu/, along with online documentation and additional examples of annotated genomic regions.