TCDB is operated by the Saier Lab Bioinformatics Group
Transporter Information:
Name: solute carrier family 1 (neutral amino acid transporter), member 5
Symbol: SLC1A5
TC: 2.A.23.3.3
Locations: 19q13.3
Aliases: AAAT, ASCT2
GenBank: U53347
Swiss-Prot: Q15758
Accession Number: NM_005628
PubMed (8702519): Kekuda R, Prasad PD, Fei YJ, Torres-Zamorano V, Sinha S, Yang-Feng TL,Leibach FH, Ganapathy V. Cloning of the sodium-dependent, broad-scope, neutral amino acid transporter Bofrom a human placental choriocarcinoma cell line.J Biol Chem. 1996 Aug 2;271(31):18657-61. PMID: 8702519 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

We have isolated a cDNA from a human placental choriocarcinoma cell cDNA library which, when expressed in HeLa cells, induces a Na+-dependent amino acid transport system with preference for zwitterionic amino acids. Anionic amino acids, cationic amino acids, imino acids, and N-methylated amino acids are excluded by this system. These characteristics are identical to those described for the amino acid transporter Bo. When expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes that do not have detectable endogenous activity of the amino acid transporter Bo, the cloned transporter increases alanine transport in the oocytes severalfold and induces alanine-evoked inward currents in the presence of Na+. The cDNA codes for a polypeptide containing 541 amino acids with 10 putative transmembrane domains. Amino acid sequence homology predicts this transporter (hATBo) to be a member of a superfamily consisting of the glutamate transporters, the neutral amino acid transport system ASCT, and the insulin-activable neutral/anionic amino acid transporter. Chromosomal assignment studies with somatic cell hybrid analysis and fluorescent in situ hybridization have located the ATBo gene to human chromosome 19q13.3.

PubMed (10051606): Rasko JE, Battini JL, Gottschalk RJ, Mazo I, Miller AD. The RD114/simian type D retrovirus receptor is a neutral amino acidtransporter.Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Mar 2;96(5):2129-34. PMID: 10051606 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

The RD114/simian type D retroviruses, which include the feline endogenous retrovirus RD114, all strains of simian immunosuppressive type D retroviruses, the avian reticuloendotheliosis group including spleen necrosis virus, and baboon endogenous virus, use a common cell-surface receptor for cell entry. We have used a retroviral cDNA library approach, involving transfer and expression of cDNAs from highly infectable HeLa cells to nonpermissive NIH 3T3 mouse cells, to clone and identify this receptor. The cloned cDNA, denoted RDR, is an allele of the previously cloned neutral amino acid transporter ATB0 (SLC1A5). Both RDR and ATB0 serve as retrovirus receptors and both show specific transport of neutral amino acids. We have localized the receptor by radiation hybrid mapping to a region of about 500-kb pairs on the long arm of human chromosome 19 at q13.3. Infection of cells with RD114/type D retroviruses results in impaired amino acid transport, suggesting a mechanism for virus toxicity and immunosuppression. The identification and functional characterization of this retrovirus receptor provide insight into the retrovirus life cycle and pathogenesis and will be an important tool for optimization of gene therapy using vectors derived from RD114/type D retroviruses.

>sp|Q15758|AAAT_HUMAN NEUTRAL AMINO ACID TRANSPORTER B(0) (ATB(0)) - Homo sapiens (Human).