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Transporter Information:
Name: solute carrier family 26, member 6
Symbol: SLC26A6
TC: 2.A.53.2.7
Locations: 3p21
GenBank: AF279265
Swiss-Prot: Q9BXS9
Accession Number: NM_022911
PubMed (11087667): Lohi H, Kujala M, Kerkela E, Saarialho-Kere U, Kestila M, Kere J. Mapping of five new putative anion transporter genes in human andcharacterization of SLC26A6, a candidate gene for pancreatic anion exchanger.Genomics. 2000 Nov 15;70(1):102-12. PMID: 11087667 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

A second distinct family of anion transporters, in addition to the classical SLC4 (or AE) family, has recently been delineated. Members of the SLC26 family are structurally well conserved and can mediate the electroneutral exchange of Cl(-) for HCO(-)(3) across the plasma membrane of mammalian cells like members of the SLC4 family. Three human transporter proteins have been functionally characterized: SLC26A2 (DTDST), SLC26A3 (CLD or DRA), and SLC26A4 (PDS) can transport with different specificities the chloride, iodine, bicarbonate, oxalate, and hydroxyl anions, whereas SLC26A5 (prestin) was suggested to act as the motor protein of the cochlear outer hair cell. We report the expansion of the SLC26 family with five new members in chromosomes 3, 6, 8, 12, and 17 and mapping of SLC26A1 to 4p16.3. We have characterized one of them, SLC26A6, in more detail. It maps to chromosome 3p21.3, encodes a predicted 738-amino-acid transmembrane protein, and is most abundantly expressed in the kidney and pancreas. Pancreatic ductal cell lines Capan-1 and Capan-2 express SLC26A6, and immunohistochemistry localizes SLC26A6 protein to the apical surface of pancreatic ductal cells, suggesting it as a candidate for a luminal anion exchanger. The functional characterization of the novel members of this tissue-specific gene family may provide new insights into anion transport physiology in different parts of the body.

PubMed (11247665): Waldegger S, Moschen I, Ramirez A, Smith RJ, Ayadi H, Lang F, Kubisch C. Cloning and characterization of SLC26A6, a novel member of the solute carrier26 gene family.Genomics. 2001 Feb 15;72(1):43-50. Erratum in: Genomics 2001 Sep;77(1-2):115. PMID: 11247665 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

The SLC26 gene family (solute carrier family 26) comprises five mammalian genes that encode anion transporter-related proteins. In addition to sat-1 and prestin, which were cloned from rat and gerbil, respectively, three human members have been identified and associated with specific genetic diseases (DTD, diastrophic dysplasia; CLD, congenital chloride diarrhea; PDS, Pendred syndrome). In this study we used a homology approach combined with RACE PCR to identify human SLC26A6, the sixth member of this gene family. Northern blot analysis showed the highest SLC26A6 transcript levels in kidney and pancreas. Expression in MDCK cells and in Xenopus oocytes demonstrated trafficking of the SLC26A6 protein to the cell membrane but did not reveal anion transport activity with tracer uptake or intracellular pH measurements. We determined the genomic structure of the SLC26A6 gene and excluded mutations in the 21 coding exons as the cause of DFNB6 and USH2B, which closely map to the SLC26A6 chromosomal locus (3p21).

>sp|Q9BXS9|S266_HUMAN Solute carrier family 26 member 6 (Pendrin-like protein 1) (Pendrin L1) - Homo sapiens (Human).