|solute carrier family 29 (nucleoside transporters), member 2
| Williams JB, Rexer B, Sirripurapu S, John S, Goldstein R, Phillips JA 3rd,Haley LL, Sait SN, Shows TB, Smith CM, Gerhard DS. The human HNP36 gene is localized to chromosome 11q13 and produces alternativetranscripts that are not mutated in multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 1 (MEN I)syndrome.Genomics. 1997 Jun 1;42(2):325-30. PMID: 9192854 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 1 (MEN I), is an autosomal dominant syndrome of selected endocrine neoplasms whose causative gene, a suspected tumor suppressor, has been localized to chromosome 11q13, but has not been identified. Recently, the HNP36 cDNA was identified as a novel growth factor responsive gene of undetermined biological function that is expressed in the pituitary and parathyroid glands. In studies seeking the function of the HNP36 gene product, the gene was localized by fluorescence in situ hybridization within the 11q13 segment. Further analysis of radiation-reduced hybrid DNAs and chromosome 11-specific YAC clones established that the HNP36 gene is within 80 kb of D11S913, a marker tightly linked to the MEN1 gene. Consequently, the HNP36 gene was studied as a candidate for the MEN1 gene. The human HNP36 gene was cloned and determined to consist of 12 exons. Expression of the HNP36 gene from pituitary and parathyroid tissue and four patient tumors or lymphoblasts was confirmed by RT-PCR amplification of the coding sequences, and HNP36 transcripts were analyzed for mutations. All tissues expressed three HNP36 gene transcripts that result from alternative splicing and appear to encode related, but distinct, proteins. However, DNA sequence determination of the RT-PCR products from MEN I-associated tumors found no deletions and identified a single nucleotide difference that may be a polymorphism. Thus, mutations in the coding segments of the HNP36 gene are not the cause of the MEN I syndrome. Nevertheless, the assignment of the HNP36 gene to 11q13 and identification of new potential gene products provides a novel growth-regulated genetic candidate for other disorders whose genes map to this locus.
| Crawford CR, Patel DH, Naeve C, Belt JA. Cloning of the human equilibrative, nitrobenzylmercaptopurine riboside(NBMPR)-insensitive nucleoside transporter ei by functional expression in atransport-deficient cell line.J Biol Chem. 1998 Feb 27;273(9):5288-93. PMID: 9478986 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Mammalian cells obtain nucleic acid precursors through the de novo synthesis of nucleotides and the salvage of exogenous nucleobases and nucleosides. The first step in the salvage pathway is transport across the plasma membrane. Several transport activities, including equilibrative and concentrative mechanisms, have been identified by their functional properties. We report here the functional cloning of a 2.6-kilobase pair human cDNA encoding the nitrobenzylmercaptopurine riboside (NBMPR)-insensitive, equilibrative nucleoside transporter ei by functional complementation of the transport deficiency in a subline of CEM human leukemia cells. Expression of this cDNA conferred an NBMPR-insensitive, sodium-independent nucleoside transport activity to the cells that exhibited substrate specificity and inhibitor sensitivity characteristic of the ei transporter. The cDNA contained a single open reading frame that encoded a 456-residue protein with 11 potential membrane-spanning regions and two consensus sites for N-glycosylation in the first predicted extracellular loop. The predicted protein was 50% identical to the recently cloned human NBMPR-sensitive, equilibrative nucleoside transporter ENT1 and thus was designated ENT2. Surprisingly, the carboxyl-terminal portion of the ENT2 protein was nearly identical to a smaller protein in the GenBankTM data base (human HNP36, 326 residues) that has been identified as a growth factor-induced delayed early response gene of unknown function. Comparison of the ENT2 and HNP36 nucleotide sequences suggested that HNP36 was translated from a second start codon within the ENT2 open reading frame. Transient expression studies with the full-length ENT2 and a 5'-truncated construct that lacks the first start codon (predicted protein 99% identical to HNP36) demonstrated that only the full-length construct conferred uridine transport activity to the cells. These data suggest that the delayed early response gene HNP36 is a truncated form of ENT2 and that the full-length open reading frame of ENT2 is required for production of a functional plasma membrane ei transporter.
>sp|Q14542|S29A2_HUMAN Equilibrative nucleoside transporter 2 OS=Homo sapiens GN=SLC29A2 PE=1 SV=3 MARGDAPRDSYHLVGISFFILGLGTLLPWNFFITAIPYFQARLAGAGNSTARILSTNHTGPEDAFNFNNWVTLLSQLPLL LFTLLNSFLYQCVPETVRILGSLLAILLLFALTAALVKVDMSPGPFFSITMASVCFINSFSAVLQGSLFGQLGTMPSTYS TLFLSGQGLAGIFAALAMLLSMASGVDAETSALGYFITPCVGILMSIVCYLSLPHLKFARYYLANKSSQAQAQELETKAE LLQSDENGIPSSPQKVALTLDLDLEKEPESEPDEPQKPGKPSVFTVFQKIWLTALCLVLVFTVTLSVFPAITAMVTSSTS PGKWSQFFNPICCFLLFNIMDWLGRSLTSYFLWPDEDSRLLPLLVCLRFLFVPLFMLCHVPQRSRLPILFPQDAYFITFM LLFAVSNGYLVSLTMCLAPRQVLPHEREVAGALMTFFLALGLSCGASLSFLFKALL