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Transporter Information:
Name: solute carrier family 38, member 5
Symbol: SLC38A5
TC: 2.A.18.6.2
Locations: Xp11.23
Aliases: SN2, JM24
GenBank: AF276889
Swiss-Prot: Q9UJU8
Accession Number: NM_033518
PubMed (11243884): Nakanishi T, Sugawara M, Huang W, Martindale RG, Leibach FH, Ganapathy ME,Prasad PD, Ganapathy V. Structure, function, and tissue expression pattern of human SN2, a subtype ofthe amino acid transport system N.Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Mar16;281(5):1343-8. PMID: 11243884 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

We have cloned a new subtype of the amino acid transport system N from a human liver cell line. This transporter, designated SN2, consists of 472 amino acids and exhibits 62% identity with human SN1 at the level of amino acid sequence. SN2-specific transcripts are expressed predominantly in the stomach, brain, liver, lung, and intestinal tract. The sizes of the transcripts vary in different tissues, indicating tissue-specific alternative splicing of the SN2 mRNA. In contrast, SN1 is expressed primarily in the brain and liver and there is no evidence for the presence of multiple transcripts of varying size for SN1. When expressed in mammalian cells, the cloned human SN2 mediates Na(+)-coupled transport of system N-specific amino acid substrates (glutamine, asparagine, and histidine). In addition, SN2 also transports serine, alanine, and glycine. Anionic amino acids, cationic amino acids, imino acids, and N-alkylated amino acids are not recognized as substrates by human SN2. The SN2-mediated transport process is Li(+)-tolerant and highly pH-dependent. The Michaelis-Menten constant for histidine uptake via human SN2 is 0.6 +/- 0.1 mM. The gene coding for SN2 is located on human chromosome Xp11.23. Successful cloning of SN2 provides the first molecular evidence for the existence of subtypes within the amino acid transport system N in mammalian tissues.