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1.A.95 The Ephemerovirus Viroporin (EVVP) Family 

Koolpinyah virus (KOOLV) isolated from healthy Australian cattle and Yata virus (YATV) isolated from a pool of Mansonia uniformis mosquitoes in the Central African Republic are related antigenically to kotonkon virus, an ephemerovirus that has caused an ephemeral fever-like illness in cattle in Nigeria. The complete genome sequences of KOOLV (16,133 nt) and YATV (14,479 nt) revealed complex genome organisations, with multiple genes, including a viroporin (α1) gene, between the G and L genes as is characteristic of ephemeroviruses (Blasdell et al. 2014). 

The 10.5-kDa α1 protein of bovine ephemerovirus is expressed in infected cells and has the properties of a viroporin (Joubert et al. 2014). Expression of a BEFV α1-maltose binding protein (MBP) fusion protein in Escherichia coli was observed to inhibit cell growth and increase membrane permeability to hygromycin B. Increased membrane permeability was also observed in BEFV-infected mammalian cells (but not cells infected with an α1-deficient BEFV strain) and in cells expressing a BEFV α1-green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusion protein, which was shown by confocal microscopy to localize to the Golgi complex.  The full-length α1 interacts specifically with importin β1 and importin 7 but not with importin α3. These data suggest that, in addition to its function as a viroporin, BEFV α1 may modulate components of nuclear trafficking pathways (Joubert et al. 2014).

References associated with 1.A.95 family:

Blasdell, K.R., S.G. Widen, S.M. Diviney, C. Firth, T.G. Wood, H. Guzman, E.C. Holmes, R.B. Tesh, N. Vasilakis, and P.J. Walker. (2014). Koolpinyah and Yata viruses: two newly recognised ephemeroviruses from tropical regions of Australia and Africa. Vet Microbiol 174: 547-553. 25457369
Joubert, D.A., K.R. Blasdell, M.D. Audsley, L. Trinidad, P. Monaghan, K.A. Dave, K.G. Lieu, R. Amos-Ritchie, D.A. Jans, G.W. Moseley, J.J. Gorman, and P.J. Walker. (2014). Bovine ephemeral fever rhabdovirus α1 protein has viroporin-like properties and binds importin β1 and importin 7. J. Virol. 88: 1591-1603. 24257609