1.C.110 The Pore-forming PNC-27 Peptide of 32 aas from the p53 Tumor Suppressor Protein (PNC-27) Family
The 32 amino acid PNC-27 peptide (PPLSQETFSDLWKLLKKWKMRRNQFWVKVQRG) inserts into the membranes of tumor cells and selectively kills them, leaving normal cells unaffected. This peptide is from the Mdm-2 binding domain of the p53 protein which is selectively cytotoxic to cancer cells. The NMR structure is available (PDB# 1Q2F; 12QI-A). The p53 cellular tumor antigen, p53-TAD, is 393 aas in humans and of similar sizes in other animals (Sookraj et al. 2010). Anti-cancer tumor cell necrosis of epithelial ovarian cancer cell lines depends on high expression of the HDM-2 protein in their membranes (Thadi et al. 2020). The HDM-2 protein is highly expressed in the membranes of ovarian cancer cell lines and colocalizes with PNC-27. Thus, the association of PNC-27 with preferentially expressed membrane HDM-2 isoforms results in a model for the formation of transmembrane pores and epithelial ovarian cancer tumor cell necrosis (Thadi et al. 2020). P53 inhibition attenuates mitochondrial dysfunction and protects dopaminergic neurons from degeneration under conditions of neurodegenerative stress, and thus, p53 may be a potential target for neuroprotective therapy of poarkinson's disease (PD) (Wang et al. 2022).