1.D.183. The Nanopore-based Biosensor (NP-BS) Family
Bio-inspired polymeric nanopore-based biosensors can have controllable channel sizes and shapes, multi-functional surface chemistry, unique ionic transport properties, and good robustness for applications. Developments in solid-state artificial nanochannel-based biosensors have concentrated on the resistive-pulse sensing-based sensors. The steady-state sensing-based nanochannel biosensors have advantages over their counterparts in term of high sensitivity, fast response, target analytes with no size limit, and an extensive suitable range. Wang et al. 2021 summarize recent advances in bio-inspired polymeric nanochannels as sensing platforms for detection of important analytes in living organisms, to meet the high demand for high-performance biosensors for analysis of target analytes, and the potential for development of smart sensing devices.