8.A.213. The Bon Domain-containing Protein (Bon DP) Family
This protein plays an important role in maintaining outer membrane integrity (Bryant et al. 2020, Ranava et al. 2021). It supports proper folding and function of BamA under envelope stress conditions (Ranava et al. 2021) and binds specifically to anionic phospholipids via the BON 2 domain (Bryant et al. 2020). This interaction is essential for function and guides the protein to the cell division site. It mediates co-selection of antibiotic and heavy metal resistance in bacteria (Sun et al. 2023). It functions like an efflux pump to confer resistance to various antibiotics, especially for ceftazidime, with a >32-fold increase in minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). The BON protein could interact with several metal ions, such as copper and silver, which have been associated with the induced co-regulation of antibiotic and heavy metal resistance in bacteria. The BON protein was shown to spontaneously self-assemble into a trimer and generate a central pore-like architecture for antibiotic transport. A WXG motif as a molecular switch is essential for forming the transmembrane oligomeric pores and controls the interaction between the BON protein and the cell membrane. A mechanism termed "one-in, one-out", was proposed. The present study provides new insights into the structure and function of BON protein and a previously unidentified resistance mechanism (Sun et al. 2023).