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2.B.22 The Imidazolium-functionalized Anion Transporter (IAT) Family 

Imidazolium-functionalized anion transporters are synthetic compounds that can transport a variety of anions. Detailed mechanistic studies have been performed (Vidal and Schmitzer 2014). These binol ionophores adopt a mobile-carrier mechanism for short methyl and butyl chains, a combined mobile-carrier/transmembrane-pore mechanism for octyl and dodecyl chains, and form transmembrane aggregates for hexadecyl chains.

References associated with 2.B.22 family:

Vidal, M. and A. Schmitzer. (2014). Molecular parameters and transmembrane transport mechanism of imidazolium-functionalized binols. Chemistry 20: 9998-10004. 25043746